Diesel oils are a mix of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from crude oil through distillation and hydrogenation refining, usually boiling within 150 to 370°C. They may contain additives to improve their application characteristics such as depressants, detergents, lubrication additives and corrosion inhibitors.
Basic Quality Parameters
CSN EN 590
|Density at 15°C - kg.m-3
||800 - 840|
|Cetane number, min.
|Cetane index, min.
|Filtrability - °C, max.
|TVP - °C, max.
|up to 180°C distills in - % obj., max.
|up to 340°C distills in - % obj., min.
|Kin. viscozity at 40°C - mm2.s-1, min.
||1,5 - 4|
|Flash point PM - °C, min.
|Sulphur content- mg.kg-1, max.
|Water content - mg.kg-1, max.
|Total impurity content - mg.kg-1, max.
|Ash content - % hm., max.
|Oxidation stability - g.cm-3, max.
|lubric. pwr. HFRR (wsd) 1,4/60°C) - µm
Diesel oils are used as fuel for diesel engines or fuel for some types of gas turbines as well.
Packaging, Storage, Transportation
Diesel oils are supplied in rail and road tankers or via product-pipelines. Diesel oil storage, transportation and handling must comply with respective legal regulations.
Basic Safety Data
Diesel fuels are pure yellowish to yellow flammable liquids class III of fire hazard, with flash point above 55°C. Normal climate (grades B, D, F)
The product is classified as hazardous pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 CLP.